EdCET Syllabus – Biological Sciences (Zoology)
Biology of Invertebrates and Cell Biology
- General characters and classification of Major Invertebrate phyla with examples upto orders,
- Protozoa: (i) Polystomella – type study, (ii) Trypansoma life cycle only
- Porifera : Canal system, Histology & Spicules.
- Coelentereta: (i) obelia type study, (ii) Polymorphism in Siphonophora, (iii) Corals and Coral reef formation.
- Helminthes – Fasciola – Detailed type Study.
- Annelida: (i) Metamerism – (ii) Comparative study of the following systems of Leach and Nereis – External Characters – Digestive system – Reproductive system – Coelom and Coelomoducts,
- Arthopoda: Comparitive study of Palasmon and Scorpion with reference to External features, appendages, Respiration, Circulation Excretion. Peripastus : Structure and affinities.
- Mollusca : (i) Comparative study of Pila & Fresh water Mussel : External characters, Shell, Mantle complex and foot. (ii) Pearl formation (iii) Torsion in Gastropoda.
- Echinodermata: Starfish – detailed study.
- Hemachordata : Balanoglossus – External Features, Tornaria larva – Affinities of Hemichoradata.
- Important Invertebrate larval forms: (a) Amphiblastula, (b) Ephyra larva, (c) Trochophore, (d) Nauplius, Zoea, Mysis, (e) Veliger, Glochidium, (f) Echinopluteus, Ophiopluteus, Auricularia and Doliolaria.
- Ultra structure of Animal Cell: Cell Division, Mitosis and Meiosis.
- Structure and function of the following cell orgtanelles: (i) Plasma Membrane: Membrane, Transport of small molecules, Cell Junctions, Cell adhesion, (ii) Cytoskeleton, (iii) Golgi Complex, (iv) Lysosomes, (v) Role of mitochondria in cellular energy, transactions, (vi) Chromosomes – Structure and type, Salivary gland chromosomes.
Animal Phsiology, Behaviour and Ecology
Animal Physiology pertaining to:
- Nutrition: Types of nutrition in animals, autotrophic – Heterotrophic, vitamins and minerals.
- Digestion in Mammals
- Respiration: Brief account of types of respiratory mechanism, respiratory pigments, gas transport with reference to mammals.
- Circulation: Composition and functions of blood, co-agulation of blood; Myogenic and Neurogenic hearts, mammalian heart – structure and function, Blood pressure and its role and exchange of materials in capillaries,
- Osmo-regulation: Pertaining to aquatic animals only.
- Excretion: (i) Classification of animals based on end products of excretion, (2) Formation of nitrogen waste. (3) Nephron: Structure and Function.
- Nervous transmission: Structure of neuron, action-potential, production and propagation of nerve impulse and synaptic transmission.
- Muscle contraction.
- Endocrine glands of Mammals: Pineal body, Hypophysis, Hypothalamus, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Thymus, Adrenal Gastro intestinal, Pancreas, Testis and ovary.
- Hormonal control of reproduction in mammals.
- Concept of Homeostasis.
Taxis, reflexes, instinctive behaviour, motivatived behaviour, learning, imprinting, habituation, classical conditioning, instrumental conditioning trial and error learning, physiology and phylogeny of learning, biological rhythms -circadian, lunar and circannual rhythms.
- Physico-chemical factors of the animal Environment: Temperature, light, pressure, atmospheric gass i.e.; oxygen and carbon dioxide; Biogeochemical cycles: nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus cycles.
- Animal community and Animal population: Ecosystems (Ecological succession, Ecological pyramids, energy flow in an eco system) – Animal associations: Parasitism, Commensalism, Symbiosis ; Environments and adaptive features of animals inhabiting / deep sea, cave, and desert.
- Environmental pollution.
- Wild life, wild life sanctuaries and national parks of India.
Biology of Chordates, Genetics, Evolution and Zoogeography
- General characters and outline classification upto the level of order.
- Protochordata: (a) Structure and Affinities of Amphioxus; (b) Structure Life history of an Ascidian.
- Cyclostomata: General characters of cyclostomes and differences between Myxin & Petromyzon.
- Comparative study of the following systems with reference to Scoliodon (pisces), Rana (Amphibia) calotes (Reptilia), Columba (Aves) and Lagomorpha (Mammalian) – (a) Skeletal system: Heart and aortic arches; (d) Nervous system – Brain.
- General Topics: (i) Parental care in Amphibia; (ii) Dentition in Mammals.
- Developmental Biology: (i) Gastrulation in amphioxus, Frog andChick; (ii) Development of chick upto 24 hrs., (iii) Foetal membrances of chick, (iv) Placenta in Mammals (Formation and types).
- Gene interaction with 3 examples
- Sex determination.
- Sex linked inheritance
- Blood group inheritance
- Fine structure of gene, Operon/ concept, Cloning, Lethal genes
- Chromosomal Aberration and human diseases.
Evolution and Zoogeography.
- Modern synthetic theory of Evolution, Mutations, Genetic basis of Evolution, Genetic Drift (Hardy Weinberg’s Law), Isolation and speciation.
- Characteristics of the following Zoogeographic regions and their fauna: (i) Oriental regions, (ii) Ethiopian Region, (iii) Australian Region.