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CLAT 2008 Question Paper with Answers
CLAT 2008 Question Paper and Answers are given below.
CLAT 2008 Question Paper
SECTION-I: ENGLISH PART –A
Instruction: Read the given passage carefully and attempt the questions that follow and shade the appropriate answer in the space provided for it on the OMR answer sheet.
Example: If the appropriate answer is (a), shade the appropriate oval on the OMR sheet. Marks: Each question carries 1 (one) mark (Total 10 marks)
MY LOVE OF NATURE, goes right backto my childhood, to the times whenI stayed onmy grandparents’ farm in Suffolk. My father was in the armed forces, so we were always moving and didn’t have a home base for any length of time, but I loved going there. I drink it was my grandmother who encouraged my more than anyone : she taught me the names of wild flowers and got me interested in looking at the countryside, so it seemed obvious to go on do Zoology at University.
I didn’t get my first camera until after I’d graduated, when I was due to go diving in Norway and needed a method of recording the sea creatures I would find there. My father didn’t know anything about photography, but he bought me an Exacta, which was really quite a good camera for the time, and I went off to take my first pictures of sea anemones and starfish. I became keen very quickly, and learned how to develop and print; obviously i didn’t have much money in those days, so I did more black and while photography than colour, but it was a still using the camera very much as a tool to record what I found both by diving and on the shore. I had no ambition at ail to be a photographer then, or even for some years afterwards.
Unlike many of the wildlife photographers of the time, I trained as a scientist and therefore my way of expressing myself is very different. I’ve tried from the beginning to produce pictures which are always biologically correct. There are people who will alter things deliberately: you don’t pick up sea creatures from the middle of the shore and take them down to attractive pools at the bottom of the shore without knowing you’re doing it. In so doing you’re actually falsifying the sort of seaweeds they have on and so on, which may seen unimportant, but it is actually changing the natural surroundings to make them prettier. Unfortunately, many of the people who select pictures are looking for attractive images mid, at the end of the day, whether it’s tmthful or not doesn’t really matter to them.
It’s important to think about the animal first, and there are many occasions when I’ve not taken a picture because it would have been too disturbing. Nothing is so important that you have to get that shot; of course, there are cases when it would be very sad ifyou didn’t, but it’s not the end of the world. There can be a lot of ignorance in people’s behavior towards wild animals and it’s a problem that more and more people are going to wild places: while some animals may get used to cars, they won’t get used to people suddenly rusting up to them. The sheerpressure ofpeople, coupled with the fact that there are increasingly fewer places where no-one else has photographed, means that over the years, life has become much more difficult lortlreprofessional wild life photographer.
Nevertheless, wildlife photographs play a very important part in educating people about what is out there and what needs conserving. Although photography can be an enjoyable pastime, as it is to many people, it is also something that plays a very important part in educating young and old alike. Of the qualities it takes to make a good wildlife photographer, patience is perhaps the most obvious –you just have to be prepared to sit it out. I’m actually more patient now because I write more than ever before, and as long as I’ve got a bit ofpaper and a pencil, I don’t feel fm wasting my time. And because I photograph such a wide range of things, even if the main target doesn’t appear I can probably find something else to concentrate on instead.
1. The writer decided to go to university and study Zoology because
- (a) she wanted to improve her life in the countryside
- (b) she was persuaded to do so by her grandmother
- (c) she was keen on the natural world
- (d) she wanted to stop moving around all the time .
2. Why did she get her first camera?
- (a) she needed to be able to look back at what she had seen
- (b) she wanted to find out if she enjoyed photography
- (c) her father thought it was a good idea for her to have one
- (d) she wanted to learn how to use one and develop her own prints
3. She did more black and white photography than colour because
- (a) she did not like colour photograph
- (b) she did not have a good camera
- (c) she wanted quality photograph
- (d) she didn’t have much money in those days
4. How is she different from some of the other wildlife photographers she meets?
- (a) she tries to make her photographs as attractive as possible
- (b) she takes photographs which record accurate natural conditions
- (c) she likes to photograph plants as well as wildlife
- (d) she knows the best places to find wildlife
5. Which does’them’ refer to in the 7th line in paragraph 3?
- (a) sea creatures
- (b) attractive pools
- (c) seaweeds
- (d)natural surroundings
6. What the writer means by’ignorance in people’s behaviour’ is
- (a) altering things deliberately
- (b) people suddenly rushing up to animals
- (c) people taking photographs of wild animals
- (d) people not thinking about the animals in the first place
7. The writer now funds it more difficult to photograph wild animals because
- (a) there are fewer of them
- (b) they have become more nervous ofpeople
- (c) it is harder to find suitable places
- (d) they have become frightened of cars
8. Wildlife photography is important because it can make people realize that
- (a) photography is an enjoyable hobby
- (b) we learn little about wildlife at school
- (c) it is worthwhile visiting the countryside
- (d) wildlife photographs educate people about wild animals
9. Why is she more patient now?
- (a) she does other things while waiting
- (b) she has got used to waiting
- (c) she can concentrate better than she used to
- (d) she knows the result will be worth it
10. Which of the following describes the writer?
- (a) proud
- (b) sensitive
- (C) aggressive
Instructions: Three of the four words given below are spelt wrongly. Select the word that is spelt correctly and shade the appropriate answer in the space provided for it on the OMR answer sheet.
MARKS: Each question carries 1 (One) marks. (Total 5 marks)
11. (a) acquintence (b) acquaintance (c) acquaintance (d) acquintance
12. (a) ncglegense (b) negligence (c) negligence (d) negligence
13. (a) grievance (b) grievance (c) grievance (d) grievence
14. (a) hierarchical (b) hierarchical (c) luerechical (d) heirercltical
15. (a) garanter (b) garantor (c) guaranter (d) guarantor
Instructions: Select the best option from the four altemalives given and shade the appropriateanswerin the space provided for it on the OMR answer sheet.
Marks : Each question carries 1 (one) marks (Total 10 marks)
16. They live on a busy road. __________a lot of noise from the traffic.
- (a) It must be
- (b) It must have
- (c) There must have
- (d) There must be
17. Themore electricity you use. __________________
- (a) your bill will be higher
- (b) will be higher your bill
- (c) the higher your bill will be
- (d) higher your bill will be
18. Benlikes walking._________
- (a) Every morning he walks to work
- (b) He walks to work every morning
- (c) He walks every morning to work
- (d) He every morning walks to work
19. It’s two years ________Soplty
- (a) that I don’t see
- (b) that I haven’t seen
- (c) since I didn’t see
- (d) since I last saw
20. What was the problem? Why________leave early?
- (a) have you to
- (b) did you have to
- (c) must you
- (d) you had to
21. Nobody believed Anm at first, but he-to be right.
- (a) worked out
- (b) came out
- (c) found out
- (d) turned out
22. We can’t _______________making a decision. We have to decide now.
- (a) put away
- (b) Put ovei
- (c) put off
- (d) put out
23. The accident was my fault, so I had to pay for the damage_________the other car.
- (a) of
- (b) For
- (c) to
- (d) on
24. I really object__________people smoking in my house.
- (a) to
- (b) about
- (c) for
- (d) on
25. A contract may be________if the court finds there has been misinterpretation of the facts.
- (a) restrained
- (b) rescinded
- (c) compelled
- (d) conferred
Instruction: The five paragraphs given below have all had their constituent sentences juntbled. Read each jumbled passage carefully and then pick the option in which the best sequence is shown mid shade die appropriate answer in the space provided for it on the OMR answer sheet.
Marks: Each question carries l (one) marks (Total 5 marks)
26. UNIT I
i) The Supertag scanner could revolutionise the way people shop, virtually eradicating supermarket queues:
ii) The face of retailing will change even more rapidly when the fibre optic networks being built by cable TV companies begin to be more widely used:
iii) The scanner would have a double benefit for supermarkets -removing the bottleneck which causes finstration [o most customers and reducing the number of checkout staff;
iv) An electrotic scanner which can read the entire contents of a supermarket trolley at a glance hasjust been developed.
- The best sequence is: (a) ii,i,iii,iv (b)iv,i.iii,ii (c)iv,iii,ii,i (d)iii,i,iv,ii
27. UNIT II
i) Of course, modern postal services now are much more sophisticated and faster, relying as they do on motor vehicles and planes tiv delivery.
ii) Indeed, the ancient Egyptians had a system for sending letters from about 2000 BC, as did the Zhou dynasty in China a thousand years later.
iii) Letters, were, and are, sent by some form of postal service, the history of which goes back a long way.
iv) For centurics, the only form of written correspondence was the letter.
- The best sequence is: a)ii.i.iii,iv (b)iv,i,iii,ii (c) iv,iii,ii,i (d) iii,i,iv,ii
28. UNIT III
i) Converting money into several currencies in the course of one trip can also be quite expensive, given that banks and bureaux de change charge commission on the transaction.
ii) Trying to work out the value of the various notes and coins can be quite a strain, particularly if you are visiting more than one country.
iii) Travel can be very exciting, but it can also be rather complicated.
iv) One of these complications is, undoubtedly, foreign currency.
- The best sequence is: a) ii.i.iii,iv (b)iv,i,iii, ii (c) iv,iii,ii,i (d)iii,i,iv,ii
29. UNIT IV
i) She weu right about three-curiosity, freckles, and doubt-but wrong about love.
ii) “Pour of the rings I’d be better without: Love curiosity, freckles, and doubt”.
iii) Love is indispensable in life.
iv) So wrote Dorothy Parker, the American writer.
- The best sequence is: a) ii,i,iii,iv (b) iv,i,iii,ii (c) iv,iii,ii,i (d) iii,i,iv,ii
30. UNIT V
i) This clearly indicates that the brains of men and women are organized differently in the way they process speech.
ii) Difference in the way men and women process language is of specially interest to brain researchers.
iii) However, women are more likely than men to suffer aphasia when the front part of the brain is damaged.
iv) It has been known that aphasia-a kind of speech disorder- is more common in men Ulan in women when the left side of Ihe brain is damaged maxi accident or after a stroke.
- The best sequence is: a) ii,i,iii,iv (b) iv,i,iii,ii (c) iv,iii,ii,i (d) iii,i,iv,ii
Instruction: Given below are five list of words followed by some choices. In each case, choose the alternative that you can combine with every word in that particular list to form a familiar word phrase and shade the appropriate answer in the space provided for it on the OMR answer sheet.
Marks: Each question carries 1 (one) mark (Total 5 marks)
31. Down, aside, about, forth
- (a) set (b) fly (c) bum (d) Lake
32. Over, about, after, at
- (a) cross (b) lay (c) here (d) go
33. Forward, across, around, upon
- (a) straight (b) come (c) fast (d) mark
34. In, down, for, out
- (a) pray (6) try (c) grow (d) stand
35. Away, through, up, down
- (a) stay (b) come (c) break (d) speak
Instruction: Given below are a few foreign language phrases that we commonly used. Choose the correct meaning for each of the phrases and shade the appropriate answer in tile space provided for it on the OMR sheet.
Marks : Each question carries 1 (one) mark Total 5 marks
36. Prima facie
- (a) The most important (b) that which comes first (c) at first view (d) the face that is young
37. Sine die
- (a) without setting a fixed day (b) by voice vote (c) applying mathematical concepts to solve a difficult problem (d) signing legal document before death
38. Bona fide
- a) Identification card b) without doubt c) in good faith d) indispessible condition
39. Status Quo
- a) legally valid b) present condition c) social position d) side remarks
40. De jure
- a) here and there b)as per law c) small details d) side remarks
SECTION II: GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
Instruction: From the four answers, shade the most appropriate answer in the space provided for it on the OMR sheet.
Marks: Each question carries ½ (half) mark (Total 50 marks)
41. The Supreme Court of India upheld the decision to implement the quota for other backward classes (ORC’s) in higher educational institutions. The court, however, excluded the “creamy layer” from being a beneficiary, the reason is:
- (a) Creamy layer is not an OBC, it is forward caste. (b) Creamy layer is politically power lid (c) Itcall contpletewith hothers onequal fooling (d) the inclusion of creamy layerwould be unjust
42. Hedge fund is a fund
- (a) used for absorbing inflation (b) used for cusIlioning health risks (c) applied to minimize the risk of financial market transactions (d) applied for absorbing the risk in commodity trading
43. What does strong wpce as against the dollar mean to India?
- (a) there is a Balance of Payments surplus (b) Indian economy is globally respected (c) it is a sign of economy buoyancy (d) Income from exports isfailing
44. Name the latest state which declared independence in 2008
- (a) Serbio (b) Kosovo (c) Kurdistan (d) Tibet
45. Name the Finance Minister who presented the highest number of Budgets in the Parliament so far:
- (a) P.Chidambaram (b) Morarji Desai (c) Manmohan Singh (d) T.T. Krishnarnachari
46. Who is the Chairman of 13th Finance Commission constituted in 2007?
- (a) Vijay Kelkar (b) C. Rangarajan (c) Ashok Lahiri (d) K. C. Pant
47. Indo-U.S nuclear deal was opposed in Parliament mainly because
- (a) all Indian nuclear reactor would fall underAmerican supervision
- (b) Nuclear energy sector will be dominated by American corporations
- (c) Nuclcar relations between India and USA will be governed by the Hyde Act
- (d) The USA will dictate Indian policies.
48. The Indian industrialist who bought Tipu Sultan’s sword in an auction in London was:
- (a) Vijay Mallya (b) Anil Ambani (c) Amar Singh (d) Lakshmi Mittal
49. The contentious Baglihar dam is built on the river
- (a) Indus (b) Jheelam (c) Chenab (d) SatleZ
50. Which country has its richest man as the head of the government?
- (a) The USA (b) Italy (c) Saudi Arabia (d) Russia
51. Who is tile person known as the Father of Modern Indian Retail Trade?
- (a) Mukesh Ambani (b) Kishore Bijani (c) Aditya Birla (d) Anil Ambani
52. The largest software service company in Asia is
- (a) WIPRO (b) INFOSYS (c) Tata Consultancy Service (d) Satyarn Computer
53. taikonaut means
- (a) a character in comic strips (b) a character in Russian opera (c) astronaut in china (d) a delicious Japanese dish
54. the CEO of Microsoft Corporation is
- (a) Bill Gates (b)Warren Buffett (c)Steve Ballmer (d)John Wallace
55. the country which stands for Gross National Happiness in contradistinction of Gross National Product
- (a) Sweden (b) Switzerland (c) Bhutan (d) Finland
56. The highest paid head of the government in the world at present is in
- (a) The USA (b) Russian Federation (c) Singapore (d) Japan
57. The current impasse in Doha Round of Negotiations is centered around:
- (a) access to cheaper drugs
- (b) access to markets of developed countries
- (c) agricultural subsidies provided
- (d) removal of non-tariff barriers by developed countries
58. The phenomenon called “Equinox” is due to the
- (a) retation of the earth on its own axis
- (b) revolution of the Earth on its inclined axis
- (c) oblate-spheroid shape of the Earth
- (d) gravitational pull of the planet.
59. the Director-General of the World Trade Organization is
- (a) Renalto Ruggiero (b) Pascal Latny (c) Arthur Dunkell (d) Oliver long
60. Capital account convertibility signifies
- (a) Guaranteeing the right to investment to foreigners
- (b) ensuring the right of buyers to make international payments.
- (c) ensuring free international movement of capital .
- (d) ensming the right of an individual to invest in foreign capital markets.
61. The purpose of Kyoto Protocol is
- (a) to promote tourism
- (b) to contribute sustainable development
- (c) to promote renewable sources of energy
- (d) to put a limit on greenhouse gas emissions by states
62. What do carbon credit signity?
- (a) Credit given in the course of carbon products sales.
- (b) Entitlements to emit certain quantity of green house gases
- (c) Permissible amount of Carbon dioxide in die atmosphere
- (d) The estent of carbon required to ensure sustainable development
63. The practice of selling goods in a foreign country at a price below their domestic selling price is called
- (a) Discrimination (b) dumping (c) double pricing (d) predatory pricing
64. Which of the following is considered as bulwark of personal freedom?
- (a) Mandamus (b) Habeus Corpus (c) Certiorari (d) Quo Warranto
65. Vande Mataram is composed by
- (a) Rabindranath Tagore (b) Sharatchandra Chatterjee (c) Bankimchandra Chalterjee (d) Surendranath Banerjee
66. How many minutes for each degree of longitude does the local time of any place vary from the Greenwich time?
- (a) Four minutes (b) Two Minutes (c) Eight minutes (d) ten minutes
67. Article 1 of Indian Constitution defines India as –
- (a) Federal State (b) Unitary State (c) Union of State (d) Quasi-Federal State
68. Which is the highest body that approves Five Year Plans in India?
- (a) Parliament (b) Planning Commission (c) National Developmenl Control (d) Council of Ministers
69. The economist who for the first time scientifically determined national income in India –
- (a) Dr. D. R. Gadgil (b) Dr. V. K. R. V. Rao (c) Dr. Manmohan Singh (d) Dr. Y. V. Alagh
70. Which of the Following is the largest peninsula in the world?
- (a) Indian Peninsula (b) Arabian Peninsula (c) Malay Pernnsuta (d) Chinese Peninsula
71. The person responsible for economic model for Indian Planning:
- (a) JawaharIaI Nehru (b) P.C.Mahalanobis (c) TarIokSingh (d) V.T.Krishnamachari
72. Social Forestry aims at
- (a) Ensuring fuel and forest produces to weaker sections (b) Mcdicinal and Fruit plantation (c) Large scale afforestation (d) Scientific forestry
73. The Great Barrier Reef refers to
- (a) Goml formation (b) Tidal Waves (c) Hill range (d) Man-made walls
74. A nautical mile is equal to
- (a) 1825 meters (b) 2000 meters (c) 1575 meters (d) 2050 mcters
75. Which of the following is concerned with land form?
- (a) Geology (b) Geomorphology (c) Ecology (d) Geography
76. The country known as the Land of Midnight Sun-
- (a) Sweden (b) Norway (c) Finland (d) Denmark
77. The monk who spread Buddhism in Tibet and Far-East –
- (a) Ananda (b) Nagarjuna (c) Padmasambava (d) Mahendra
78. TRIPs, funning part of the World Trade Organization is intended
- (a) to provide for stronger patent protection
- (b) to promote transnalional corporate interests
- (c) to harmonize IPR regime internationally
- (d) to replace World Intellectual Property Organization
79. Carbon dating method is used to determine the age of
- (a) Rocks (h) Fossils (c) Trees (d) Ancient Monuments
80. The managing director of Delhi Metropolitan Railway Corporation
- (a) Chairman of India Railway Board (b) Lt. Governor of Delhi (c) C. Sreedharan (d) Sheela Dikshit
81. 18 carat gold signifies (a) 18 part of gold and 82 parts of other metals
- (b) 18 parts of gold and 6 parts of other metal (c) 82 parts of gold and 18 parts of other metal (d) None of the above
82. Bali road map adopted in December 2007 provides for
- (a) Fixation of greenhouse gas emission limit
- (b) Launching of an adaptation fund
- (c) Amendment of UN Framework Convention on Climate change
- (d) Special and differential treatment for developing countries
83. Enriched uranium, used in a nuclear reactor, is
- (a) uranium freed of all impurities (b) unurium treated with radiation (c) uranium mixed with isotopes (d) uraniurn alloy with aluminum
84. The scientist responsible for developing atomic energy in India
- (a) C. V Raman (b) H. J. Bhaba (c) H K. Sethna (d) Vikrant Surabhai
85. Salwa judum practiced in certain in India refers to
- (a) witchcraft (b) amting civilians to fight militants (c) training civilians in the use of fire arms (d) training civilians tobehome guards
86. Indian who won Ramatt Magsaysay award in 2007
- (a) Arun Roy (b) P. Sainath (c) Medha Patkar (d) Ruth Manorama
87. The person who won Jawaharlal Nehru award in 2007
- (a) Lula de Slva (b) Hugo Chavez (c) Aung Saan Suu Ki (d) Fidel Castro
88. Free Trade Area means –
- (a) the area where anything can be bought and sold
- (b) countries between whom trade barriers have been substantially reduced
- (c) countries which have common external tariff
- (d) countries which have common currency
89. Affirmative action in Indian context signifies:
- (a) providing security to weaker sections
- (b) welfare measures to alleviate the sufferings of poor people
- (c) providing positive opportunities to deprived sections
- (d) giving incentives to start industries
90. Special Economic Zones are
- (a) the places where industries can operate without any control
- (b) the places wherein any person can start any industry
- (c) the places where industries get certain tax advantages
- (d) the places wherein the national labour laws do not apply
91. The space shuttle which successfully carried Sunita Williams to space
- (a) Challenger (b) Atlantis (c) Discovery (d) Columbus
92. The leader who led the country in atoning for the past wrongs:
- (a) John Howard (b) Desmond Tutu (c) Kevin Rudd (d) Jimmy Carter
93. Gandhiji expounded his economic ideas in
- (a) Hindu Swaraj (b) My Experiments vrith Truth (c) Unto the Last (d) Economics of permanence
94. Bio-fuels have become controversial because
- (a) they increase environmental pollution (b) they slow down industrialization (c) they reduce food civilization (d) they lead to degeneration of soil
95. Evergreening of patents means
- (a) granting patents in perpetuity
- (b) granting patents for 100 years
- (c) granting protection to incremental inventions having no substantial significance
- (d) patenting of green technology
96. By signing which pact with Gandhiji did Ambedkar give up his demand for separate electorates:
- (a) Poona Pact (b) Aligarh Pact (c) Deem Pact (d) Delhi Pact
97. India eams maximum foreign exchange from the export of
- (a) Garments (b) Jute (c) Gems and Jewelleries (d) Light engineering goods
98. Sunita Williams, renowned astronaut of hrdian origin, spent a record .. days in space
- (a) 195 (b) 185 (c) 200 (d) 160
99. The second biggest greenhouse gas emitter (after the USA) in the world is:
- (a) Russia (b) Germany (c) China (d) Japan
100. The author of management principle -In a hierarchy, every employee tends to rise to his level of incompetence.
- (a) Prof Ducker (b) Porf. J. Peter (c) Prof. C. H. Prahlad (d)Prof Schimitthoff
101. The World Trade Organization was earlier known as
- (a) UNCTAD (b) GATT (c) UNIDO (d) UNCITRAL
102. The “Waiting wall” is associated with
- (a) Christians (b) Bahais (0) Jews (d) Shias
103. An Education Minsiter who got Bharata Ratna in India
- (a) G B. Pant (b) M. C. Chagla (c) Abul Kalam Azad (d) Humayun Kabir
104. Why is Ozone Layer Important?
- (a) It absorbs greenhouse gases
- (b) It protects Earth from ultruvioletradiation
- (c) It maintains earth’s Temperature
- (d) It is a buffer against extra-terrestrial hazards
105. The World’s largest river is
- (a) Boahmaputra (b) Amazon (c) Nile (d) Mississippi
106. Tsunami is caused by
- (a) plate tectonics (b) underwater ridges (c) under water volcanic activity (d) pressure from Earth’s core
107. The Chipko movement is associated with
- (a) preventing the felling of trees (b) afforestation (c) transparency in public life (d) sustainable development
108. The first Great Indiati Empire was
- (a) Magadhan Empire (b) Kuru Empire (c) Pandava Empire (d) Gmtdhara Empire
109. The first President of Indian National Congress
- (a) A. O. Hame (b) W.C. Banerjee (c) Dadabha Nauroji (d)Phirozeshah Mehta
110. The King who gave pemtission to establish East India Company in India
- (a) Jaharngir (b) Aurangzeb (c) Shahjahan (d) Shershah
111. The person who conceptualized the idea of Pakistan
- (a) M.A. Jinnah (b) Hakim AzmaI Khan (c) Mohammad Iqbal (b) Liquasat Ali Khan
112. Khilafat movement was organized
- (a) for getting Muslim homeland
- (b) as a protest against British suppressioin of Turks
- (c) to preserve Trukish Empire with Khilafat as temoral head
- (d) as a protest against communal politics
113. The pattern of Centre-State relations in India can be traced back to
- (a) The U. S. Constitution (b) The Government of India Act, 1935 (c) Motilal Nehru Committee Report (d) Ambedkar’s Vision
114. Indian who played a very important role in World Communist Movement:
- (a) Jyoti Basu (b) M. N. Roy (c) A. K. Gopalan (d) Prakash Karat
115. Who was the first recipient of Jnanapith award?
- (a) Amrita Pritam (b) Dinkar (c) D.V Gundappa (d) G Shankara Kurup
116. Name the winner of 2007 Nobel Prize for literature?
- (a) Dorris Lessing (b) V.S. Naipal (c) Doras Lessing (d) Salmon Raushdie
117. Plea Bargaining is
- (a) permissible in India (b) illegal in India (c) mandatory in India (d) allowed subject to the permission of the court
118. The person appointed by two parties to settle a dispute is known as:
- (a) Judge (b) Arbitrator (c) Solicitor (d) Conciliator
119. Right to travel is a fundamental right under
- (a) Article 19 of the Constitution (b) Article 21 of the Constitution (c) Article 14 of the Constitution (d) None of the above
120. Genetically modified seeds have become controversial mainly because of
- (a) adverse impact on human health (b) adverse impact on flora around (c) adverse impact on ozone layer (d) emission of greenhouse gases
121. Legal aid for an accused is
- (a) Fundamental right. (b) legal right (c) directive principle of State Policy (d) Discretion of state
122. The members of Constituent Assembly who framed the Constitution were:
- (a) directly elected by the people (b) indirectly elected (c) nominated (d) appointed by political parties
123. Ambedkar acted in Constituent Assembly as:
- (a) President of the Assembly (b) Chairman of the Drafting Conianittee (c) the leading spokesman of weaker sections (d) a strong defender of fundamental right
124. In India, international treaties we ratified by
- (a) Parliament (b) President (c) Prime Minister (d) The Union Cabinet
125. It is a constitutional requirement that the Parliament shall meet at least
- (a) Twice in a year (b) thrice in a year (c) once in a year (d) none of the above
126. Governor of a State can be removed by
- (a) Impeachment by State Legislature (b) The President (c) By the State Cabinet (d) The Union Government at the request of the Chief Minister
127. Sovereignty under the Constitution belongs to
- (a) The Parliament (b) the people (c) The Supreme Court (d) the President along with parliament
128. The Supreme Court upheld Mandal Commission Report in
- (a) Bommai v. Union of India (b) Indra Sawhney v. Union of India (c) Unnikrishnana v.Union of Indian (d) Maneka Gandhi v.Union of India
129. Under our Constitution right to property is
- (a) Fundamental right (b) basic structure of the Constitution (c) Constitution right (d) a mere legal right
130. The Chairman of Sixth Pay Commission
- (a) Justice B. N. Srikrishna (b) Justice Ratnavel Pandian (c) Justice Jagannatha Shetty (d) Justice A.K. Majumdar
131. Right to education emanates from:
- (a) right to culture and education under articles 29 and 30
- (b) right to equality tinder Article 14
- (c) freedom of speech & expression underArticle 19
- (d) right to life and personal liberty under Article 21
132. International Court of Justice is
- (a) an independent international institution (b) a principal organ of the UNO (c) a subsidiary organ of the UNO (d) an European Institution
133. The Liberhan Connnission which received repeated extensions has been inquiring into:
- (a) Godhra riots (b) Mumai riot (c) demolition of Babri Masjid (d) Killing of Sikhs in Delhi
134. This Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practice Act was repealed by:
- (a) Competition Act (b) Consumer Protection Act (c) Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act (d) Liberalization Policy of the Government
135. Only judge against whom a motion of impeachment was introduced into Parliament
- (a) Justice SubbaRao (b) Justice Ramaswami(c) Justice Mahajan (d) Justice Viraswami
136. The Mallimath Committee Report deals with
- (a) Judicial delays in India (b) criminal justice administration (c) Stock market reforms (d) review of constitutional system
137. The first Woman Chief Justice of High Court of India
- (a) Laila Mukherjee (b) Laila Seth (c) Fatima Bibi (d) Ruma Pal
138. Lok Adalats have been created under:
- (a) Legal Services Authority Act (b) Arbitration and Conciliation Act (c) Administration of Justice Act (d) None of above
139. Recent Nepal Elections are globally significant because
- (a) Communist came to power through ballot box for the first time in the world
- (b) Monarchy was defeated by democratic forces
- (c) A militant movementjoined the mainstream
- (d) Secularism triumphed over theocracy
140. The Third World leader who has been defying the USA:
- (a) Fidel Castro (b) Hugo Chagez (c) Rober Mughabe (d) Hu Jinatao
SECTION III, MATHEMATICAL ABILITY
Instructions: From the four answers given, shade the appropriate answer in the space provided for it on the OMR sheet.
Marks: Each question carries 2 (two) marks
141. Raju eams twice in March as in each of the other months of the year. What part of this annual earnings he earns in that month.
- (a) 1/5 (b) 5/7 (c) 2/13 (d) 1/10
142. Sanjay sold his watch for 1140 and thereby losses 5%. In order to gain 5% he has to sell the watch for
- (a) Rs. 1254 (6) Rs. 1260 (c) Rs. 1197 (d) Rs. 1311
143. A mixture of 40 ltrs of milk and water contains 10% of water. How much is to be added to mixture so that the water may be 20% in the new mixture
- (a) 5 ltrs. (b) 4 ltrs. (c) 6.5 ltrs (d) 7.5 ltrs.
144. A train 100 meters long running at 54 km/ hr takes 20 seconds to pass a bridge. The length of the bridge is
- (a) 50 mt. (b) 150 mt. (c) 200 mt. (d) 620 mt.
145. Sanreer is as much younger to Mohan as he is older to Arun. If the sum of the ages of Mohan and Arun is 48, the age of Sameer is
- (a) 20 years (b) 24 years (c) 30 years (d) cannot be determined
146. A tank can be filled up by two pipes A and B in 2 hours and 3 hours respectively. A third pipe C can empty the full tank in 6 hours. If all the taps can be turned on at the same time, the tank will be full in
- (a) 1 hour (b) 40 minutes (c) 11/2 hours (d) 3 hours
147. Of the three numbers, the first is one third of the second and twice the third. The average of these numbers is 27. The largest of these numbers is
- (a) 18 (b) 36 (c) 54 (d) 108
148. The length of a square is increased by 15% and breadth decreased by 15%. The areaof the rectangle so fonned is
- (a) neither increases nor decreases (b) decreases by 2.25 % (c) increases by 2:25% (d) decreases by 22.5%
149. be 1 : 2, then the amount of water to be added further is
- (a) 20 ltrs (b) 30 ltrs. (c) 40 ltrs (d) 60 ltrs.
150. A piece of cloth costs Rs. 70. If the piece is 4 meter longer and each meter costs Rs. 2 less, the cost remains unchanged. The length of the piece is
- (a) 8 mt. (b) 9 mt. (c) 10 mt. (d) 12 mt.
SECTION IV: LOGICAL REASONING
Instruction: Read carefully the questions and shade the appropriate answer in the space provided for it on the OMR sheet
Marks: Each question carries 2 (two) marks
151. A college received fifty applications for a certain course. In the qualifying examination, one-tenth of them secured marks in 90-95% range. Within remaining segment, three-fifth of them secured marks in 75-90% range. The rest secured below 75%. To get admission, the following restrictions hold good:
i) No students who has scored below 75% can seek admission to Physics course.
ii) No students is allowed to opt Physics without opting Mathematics
iii) No student is allowed to opt Physics and Astrophysics simultaneously.
iv) To opt Mathematics or Astrophysics, a student should have scored at least 70% in the qualifying examination. Which one of the following alternatives is possible?
- (a) Ninety percent of tile applicants are admitted to Physics course.
- (b) Thirty-five percent of the applicants who are otherwise ineligible tojoin Physics course are admitted to Mathematics mid Astrophysics course.
- (c) Students of Physics course outnumber those of Mathematics
- (d) Whoever is eligible to study Mathematics is also eligible to study Physics.
152. A tourist can tour almost fourplaces out ofA, B, C, D, E, F and G Out of four, not more than two can come under holiday tour and al least two must come under business trip. The break up is as to follows: A, B, C and D – Business tour: E, F and G-Holiday tour The following restrictions hold good.
A) If A is included, then both C and G are excluded.
B) If neither E nor P is included, then B or G or both of them can be included
C) If G is included, then
D) can not be included. Which one of the following combinations is possible?
- (a) A, C, E and P (b) B, G and E (c) A, D and G (d) A, B and D
153. Under the smile fact sitvation as above, suppose that the following restrictions hold good: Which one of the following is a certainty
- (a)A,B,C&E (b)A,C,D&P (c)B,C,D&E (d)A,B,C&f
154. Pour members have to be nominated to a Committee and there are six candidates, A, B, C, D, E and F. The following restrictions hold good:
A) If A is nominated, then D does not find any place
B) If B is nominated, then either E or F has to be nominated, but not both
C) If C is nominated, then both D and B have to be nominated. Which one of the following is an acceptable combination?
- (a) A, B and E (b) A, B, C and D (c) B, C, D and E (d) B, C, D and F
155. Political turmoil in a country is mainly caused by widespread violenceand flawed economic policies of successive governments. If at all this has to be crushed, it can be achieved only by a dictatorial oovennuent which rules with iron hand. Therefore, the need of the hour is to elect a government which imposes fresh set of stringent legislations. However, one of them is most forceful, identify the same.
- (a) It is not the imposition of new legislations which is required, but effective adherence to die existing Icmslatiows.
- (b) That govenvnent is the best government which governs least.
- (c) It is possible to overcome any evil by educating people
- (d) Only dialogue in a free society call eradicate political turmoil
156. Under the same fact situation as above, the alternatives suggested (not necessarily all), if true, significantly strengthen the argument. However, one of them is most forceful. Identify the same.
- (a) Espionage activities by enemy byenemy nations, which contribute to political tunnoi I, can be prevented only ifthe government is very strong.
- (b) The philosophy behind any economic policy, push from bottom, press from tap’ is to followed to mitigate violence, mid is it not observed.
- (c) Political turmoil is due to corrupt establishment
- (d) Man is, by nature, a beast
157. Exploitation of poor by rich can be stemmed only if the state exercise complete control over agriculture and industrial prod action. But state control is beset by two evils; corruption and delay. The net resulf is that if is that if man tries to escape from one evil, then he is trapped by another. Suffering hence is inescapable. The argument presented above seems to imply the following conclusions. Identify the one which is least dubious. Apply common sense.
- (a) If agriculture and industrial production can be abolished, we can free ourselves from all forms of evil.
- (b) To avoid evil austere life shall be encouraged.
- (c) The gap between poor and rich can be bridged by heavilytaxing the rich and passing on the largess to the poor
- (d) Man is, by nature, dishonest
158. That the human soul is iounaterial is an undisputed fact. Significantly what is not matter is not spatial and consequently, it is not vulnerable to motion. Evidently, no motion no dissolution. What escapes from dissolution? Therefore the human soul is immortal. In this argument, onepremises is missing. Complete the argument by choosing from the following:
- (a) Nothing is free from dissolution
- (b) What is incorruptible is immortal
- (c) There is no motion
- (d) Matter does not exist
159. Under the same fact situation as above, which one of the following, if true, affects seriously tile argument presented above?
- (a) Matter is not bound by space.
- (b) Matter is indestructible
- (c) Whatever exists is notnecessarily affected by motion
- (d) What is not matter also is Vulnerable to motion
160. Protagonists of human rights vehemently oppose capital punishment. Their opposition stems mainly from three reasons. Firstly, man cannot terminate what he cannot generate. Secondly, tile function of punishment is to reform the culprit. Thirdly, a culprit should be given an opportunity to repent. Admittedly, death penalty fails on all three counts. However, the defenders argue that a person is punished because he has to pay for his deeds. Reformation or repentance, according to [hem, is peripheral. Hence, death penalty is admissible. Which one of the following is the focus of this debate?
- (a) Muisright and privileges (b) Nature and purpose of punishment (c) Prevention ofcrime (d) Mercy and revenge
161. Since Venus rotates slowly, Fred Whipple thought that like Metcury, Venus keeps one face always towards the Sun. If so, he said that the dark side would be very cold. However, he knew with die help of earlier study carried out by Petit and Nicholson that it was not the case. So, he concluded that the planet must rotate fairly often to keep the darker side warmer. Which ofthe following is the original prentises?
- (a) Slow rotation of Venus (b) Temperature of Venus (c) Ferequent rotation of Venus (d) Equality of the rate of rotation and revolution
162. Beforc formulating the laws of motion, Gal ileo distinguished between mathematical study and empirical study. He, first, theoretically derived the rotation between distances and times for unifomnly accelerating motion by Ictting the ball roll a quarter, then half, then two-thirds and so on of the length of the groove and then measured the times on each occasion, which he repeated hundred times. He calculated, based on this study, that the distance traveled equaled the square ofthe time on all occasion. Which one ofthe following characterizes Galileo’s method?
- (a) Speculation (b) Theoretical analysis(c) Generalization (d) Statistical analys
163. Read carefully a bricf summery of one of the investigations of Sherlock Holmes: “While investigating the murders of Stmgerson and Enoch Drebber he got into conversation with fellow detectives which runs as follows: “The last link ……… My case is complete……. Could you lay your hands upon those pills”. After he got those pills, Holmes cut one of them, dissolved it in water and placed it in front of the terrier. Contrary to his expectations, the vtimal survived. Though disappointed a bit, he thought for a while and then cut the other pill, dissolved it, added milk and placed before the animal. The moment it licked, the animal died. Those were the pills present at the scenes of crime. Which one of the following aptly described the method which this passage indicates?
- (a) Imagination (b) Experiment (c) Observation (d) Thought experiment
164. There has been much speculation conceming the origin of lunar craters. One hypothesis is that they are the result of the impact of heavy meteors on the surface of moon while stil I soft. The most probable explanation is that they were produced by the gases liberated from the rocky matter. “While solidification was taking place these gases and water vapors steadily escaped though viscous surface, raising giant bubbles. The reader can easily visualize the process that took place by watching frying of pancakes. Which one of the following actually helps us [o determine the origin of lunar craters?
- (a) Analogy (b) Study of foreign body (c) Course mid effect relation (d) Speculation
165. “Perhaps the earliest work of Archimedes that we have is that on’Plane Equilibrium’. In this, some fundamental principles of mechanics are set forth as rigorous geometric propositions. The work opens with furious postulate ‘Equal weights at equal distances ate in equilibrium; equal weights at unequal distances are not in equilibrium, but incline towards the weight at the grater distance”. According to this passage, which factors determine equilibriturn?
- (a) weight (b) distance (c) weight & distance (d) equality of weights & distances
166. According [o die above passage, which one of the following values can be assigned to the statement unequal weights at equal distances are in disequilibrium’?
- (a) true (b) false (c) uncertain (d) unverifiable
167. According to the above passage, which one of the following values can be assigned to the statement unequal distances are in discquilibrium’?
- (a) true (b) false (c) uncertain (d) unverifiable
168. Grcgor Mendel in examining tea-plants found two sharply marked races, the tall and the short. He experimentally fertilized flowers of tall plants with pollen of short. The off springs were tall plants. He next let the flowers of this first generation be fertilized with their own pollen. In the following generation, shortness reappeared. Tallness and shortness were distributed not at random but in a definite, constant, and simple ratio: three dominant talls to one recessive short’. Which onc of the following aptly describes the distribution of dominant and recessive characteristics?
- (a) Systematic(b) equal interval (c) unpredictable (d) imegulat interval
169. It is said that in his strongly worded reaction to quantum Physics, Einstein remarks’God does not play dice’ to which Bohr, another great physicist, reacted saying ‘Do not tell God what to system, though we can know the properties of macrocosmic objects. Which one of the following is the focus oftheir debate?
- (a) the behaviour of God
- (b) probabilistic interpretation of the behaviour of quantum object
- (c) limits of human knowledge
- (d) irrelevance of microcosmic object
170. An efficient and diesel-independent public transport system is essential to the economic development of nation. Suppose that the government adopts a policy to that effect then there is another favourablc result. The pollution ofenvironment is reduced to a greater extent- But, then it has two-pronged backlash. The sale and consequently the production of two and four wheelers reduce to the minimum which in unn render a large number of people jobless. Cash flow to the treasury also is aversely affected. Such a step, therefore, is self-defeating unless the government evolves a counler-stmtegy, to nullify the adverse effects. W hiclr one of the fol lowing accurately projects the opinion of an imaginaty speaker or author as the case may be of this passage?
- (a) Abandon the idea of efficient and diesel-independent public transport system.
- (b) Ensure sustained cash flow and create beuerjob opportunities by inventing an alternate or more than one altemate.
- (c) Public transport system shall be given up
- (d) Maintain production and sale at the same level by offering incentives.
171. A moot question to be considered is whether democratic form of government is a boon or bane, no matter what Lincoln might or might not have said. Rather his most (in?) famous adage,’by the people, for the people and of the people’ misses the most pertinent question; which attitude works behind when a person declares that he is a (or the right?) candidate to serve the people, and does not hesitate to contest and fight tooth and nail the election, an euphemism for battle with or without bullets. Admittedly, the covert attitude is different from overt attitude. Hardly any one contests the election unwillingly. A contestant is not persuaded by any one, but driven by his own passions and dubious motives. Contrast this picture with Socrates’version; no honest man willingly takes tip the job of ruler. If at all he accepts, he does so for fear of being ruled by one made Lip of inferior ineLLIC. It is beyond even the wildest imagination, to expect an honest person to contest the election. Assuming that every statement is true, identify from among the given alternatives the one which strictly follows from the passage.
- (a) No assessment or appraisal of democracy is possible.
- (b) Lincoln and Socrates are talking differently
- (c) Actually, Socrates scores over Lincoln on this issue.
- (d) Rulers canbehonest.
172. According to the above passage, which one of the following correctly differentiates Lincoln’s and Socrates’ analyses?
- (a) the nature of democracy (b) merits and demerits of politician. (c) Qualities of elcction (d) difference in mind set of respective men.
173. Many environmentalists either adopt double standard or do not know what they are talking about. A pro ragonist of envi roomen t, for obvious reasons, ought not to bat for any type of progress because progress without meddling with nature is a myth. But none can have without scientific and technological advance which has singularly made progress possible. Furthermore environment includes not just forest wealth and hills, but animal wealth also. An honest environmentalist is obliged to address the following questions. Fiosl, should man in the interest of hygiene, kill any living being be it an insect purported to be ha mrful r stray dogs? After all, the world does not belong to man alone. Which one of the following runs counter to the spirit of the passage?
- (a) In the interest of health and cleanliness, our surroundings must be from disease spreading bacteria.
- (b) Non-violence as a moral principle extends to all living creatures.
- (c) Vegetarian food is ideal to all men.
- (d) Man should protect his environment because he has to live.
174. Does our society need reservation in Job? Before we defend reservation, we must consider some issues. Why do we need reservation? Obviously, reservation is required to lift the downtrodden and thereby achieve equality. How do you achieve this? Every individual, without exception, has a right to receive quality education. It is more so in the case of downtrodden people. Only a good-natured meritorious teacher can impart quality education. Suppose that a person who is neither good-nurtured nor meritorious becomes a teacher thanks to reservation system. Then generations of students suffer. Suppose that there is some merit in this argument. Then which of the following aptly describes the fall-out of his argument?
- (a) Reservation is individual -centric, but not group-centric.
- (b) Reservation, in at least one field, is self-defeating.
- (c) The argument is biased.
- (d) Education is not required to uplift the downtrodden.
175. Under the same fact situation as above, which one of the following helps you to circumvent the situation?
- (a) Replace education with money and make poor rich.
- (b) To achieve equality encourage inter-caste marriage
- (c) Only downtrodden people should form the government.
- (d) Identify good namred and meritorious people within downtrodden group [o make them teachers.
SECTION -V: LEGAL REASONING PART –A
Instruction: Each question contains some basic principles mid fact situation in which these basic principles have [o be applied. A list of probable decisions and reasons are given. You have to choose a decision with reason specified by shading the appropriate answer in the space provided for it on the OMR answer shcct.
Marks: Each question carries 3 (three) marks (Total 30 marks)
176. Principles :
1 ) On the death of husband, the widow shall inherit the property of her deceased husband alongwithchildren equally.
2) A widow can not claim the property of the deceased if on the date when the question of succession opens, she has married.
3) A female acquiring property in any way has the absolute title to the property. Apply die above three principles and decide the case of die following fact situation.
When Sudhir died, he had 1/3 rd share of the family property, which tile three brothers Rudhir. Sudhir and Yasu inherited from their father, B.
Sudhir died on September 23rd 2006, without having any issue. The widow of Sudhir, Ms. W in remarried on January l, 2007.
Sudhir and Yasu refused ‘Win’ the share from Sudhir’s portion when Win claimed the entire property belonging to Sudhir on January 30, 2007.
Select your decision from the possible decisions given in the list! And the appropriate reason from tile indicate reasons given in list II given below List I- Decisions
(a)Win can not inherit the property of Sudhir
(b) Win can inherit the property of Sudhir
List II – Reasons
(i) Widow not belong to the family.
(ii) Win was remarried
(iii) Her claim was on the date of Sudhir’s death
(iv) Her claim submitted afler she was remarried. Your decision and rcason Shade the right decision with reason from the following. .
- (a) (a) (i)
- (b) (a) (ii)
- (c) (b) (iii)
- (d) (b) iv
1) If a person commits an act by which death is caused to another person and the act is done with the intention of causing death, the person is liable for murder.
2) A person has a right of self defense to the extent of causing death to another provided he apprehends death by the act of the letter.
Shuvawent to a hardware shop owned byAnup. Bargaining on some item to alteration between the two and Shuva picked up a sharp object and hit at Mup. When Mup started bleeding his wife Mridula intervened and she was also hit by Shuva and she became unconscious. Finding himself toally comered. Anup delivered a severe blow to Slmva with a sharp object. Shuva died instantly.
a) Anup murdered Shuva
b) Anup killed Shuva with the intention of killing to save himself and his wife.
c) Anup killed Shuva without any intention to do so just to save himself and his wife.
Probable reasons for the decision
i) If a person kills another instantly on the spot, the intention to kill is obvious.
ii) Anup used force apprehending death of himself and his wife.
iii) Anup used disproportionate force
iv) There was nothing to showthat Shuva wanted to kill Anup or his wife.
Your decision with the reason
- (a) (a) (i)
1) Consumable goods which are not fit for consumption are not marketable.
2) A consumer shall not suffer on account of unmarketable goods.
3) A seller is liable for knowingly selling unmarketable goods.
4) A manufacturer shall be liable for the quality of hi s products.
Ram bought a Coca Cola bottle from Shama’s shop. Backathome, the server opened the bottle and poured the drink into the glasses of Ram and his friend Tom. As Tom started drinking he felt initation in his throat, Immediately, Ram and Tom took the sample to test and found nitric acid in the content. Ram filed a suit against Shania, Coca Cola Company and the bottler, Kishen and Co.
(a) Ram cannot get compensation
(b) Tom cannot get compensation
(c) Both Ram and Tom can get compensation
i) Shama did not know thecontents ofscaled bottles.
ii) Rata did not actual ly suffer though he bought the bottle.
iii) Tom did not buy the bottle.
iv) Coca Cola company is responsible since it supplied the concentrate.
v) Kishen & Co., is responsible since it added water, sugar etc. and sealed the bottle.
vi) Shama is responsible for selling the defective product.
Your decision with the reason
- (a) (a) (i)
- (b) (b) (vi)
- (c) (e) (v)
- (d) (e) (iv)
1. If A is asked to do something by B, B is responsible for the act, not A.
2. If A, while acting for B commits a wrong, Ais responsible for the wrong, not B
3. If A is authorized to do something for B, but in the name of A without disclosing B’s presence, both A and B maybe held liable.
Somu contracted with Amar where under Amar would buy a pumpset to be used inSomu’s farm. Such a pump set was in short supply in the market. Gulab, a dealer, had such a pumpset and he refused to sell it to Amar. Amar threatened Gulab of serious consequences if he fails to part with the pumpset. Gulab filed a complaint against Amar.
Proposed decision (a) Amar alone is liable for the wrong though he acted for Somu. (b) Amar is not liable for the wrong, though he is bound by the contract with Somu. (c) Somu is bound by the contract and liable for the wrong. (d) Both Somu and Amar are liable for the wrong.
Suggested reasons i) Amar committed the wrong while acting for the benefit for Somu. ii) Amar cannot do while acting for Somu something which he cannot do while acting for himself. iii) Both Amar and Somu are liable since they are bound by the contract. iv) Somu has to be responsible for the act of Amar committed for Santa’s benefit.
Your decision with the reason
- (a) (a) (4
- (b) (a) (ii)
- (c) (e) (iii)
- (d) (d) (iv)
180. Principles: l. The owner of a land has absolute interest on the property including the contents over and under the property. 2. Water flowing below your land is notyours though you can use it. 3. Any construction on your land belongs to you. 4. All mineral resources below the land belongs to the State.
Facts: There is a subterranean water flow under Suresh’s land surface. Suresh constructed a huge reservoir and drew all subterranean water to the reservoir. As a result, the wells of all adjacent property owners have gone dry. They demanded that either Suresh must demolish the reservoir or share the reservoir water with them.
Proposed Decision (a) Suresh need not demolish the reservoir. (b) Suresh has to demolish the reservoir (c) Suresh has to share the water with his neighbours (d) The Govennnent can take over tile reservoir.
Possible reasons i) Water cannot be captured by one person for his personal use. ii) The government must ensure equitable distribution of water. iii) Whatever is under Suresli s land may be used by him. iv) Suresh has to respect the rights of others regarding water.
Your decision with the reason
- (a) (iii)
- (b) (i)
- (c) (iv)
- (d) (ii)
181. Principles 1. An employer shall be liable forthe wrongs committed by his employees in the course of employment. 2. Third parties must exercise reasonable care to find out whether a person is actually acting in the course ofemployment.
Facts : Nandan was appointed by Syndicate Bank to collect small savings from its customer spread over the different places on daily basis. Nagamana, a housemaid, was one of such customers making use of Nandan’s service. Syndicate Bank after a couple ofyears terminated Nandari’s service. Nagamana, unaware of this fact, was handing over her savings to Nandan who misappropriated them. Nagamana realized this nearly after three months, where she went to the Bank to withdraw money. She filed a complain against bank.
Possible decision (a) Syndicate Bank shall be liable to compensate Nagamma (b) Syndicate Bank shall not be liable to compensate Nagamma (c) Nagamma has to blame herself for her negligence.
Possible Reason i) Nandan was not acting in the course ofemploymeht after the termination of his service. ii) Aperson cannot blame others for his own negligence. iii) Nagamma was entitled to be informed by the bank about Nandan iv)The Bank is entitled to expect its customers to know actual position
- Your dicision with the reason (a) (b) (i) (b) (c) (ii) (c) (a) (iii) (d) (b) (iv)
182. Principles: 1. Amaster shall be liable for the fraudulent acts of his servants committed in the course of employment. 2. Whether an act is committed in the course of employment has to bejudged in the context of the case. 3. Both master and third parties must exercise reasonable care in this regard.
Facts: Rama Bhai was an uneducated widow and she opened a SB account with Syndicate Bank with the help ofher nephew by name Keshav who was at that time working as a clerk in the bank. Kehsav used to deposit the money of Rama Bhai from time to time and get entries doen in the passbook. After a year or so, Kehsav was dismissed from the service by the bank. Being unaware of this fact, Rama bhai continued to hand over her savings to him and Keshav misappropriated them. Rama Bhai realized this only when Keshav disappeared from the scene one day and she sought compensation from the bank. Possible decisions a) Syndicate Bank shall be liable to compensate Rama Bhai. b) Syndicate Bank shall not be liable to compensate Rama Bhai c) Rama Bhai cannot blame others for her negligence.
Possible Reasons i) Keshav was not an employee ofthe bank when the fraud was committed. ii) The Bank was not aware ofthe special arrangement between Rama Bhai and Keshav iii) It is the Bank’s duty to take care of vulnerable customers. iv) Rama bhai should have checked about Keshav in her own interest.
- Your decision with the reason (a) (a) (iii) (b) (e) (iv) (e) (b) (ii) (d) (b) (i)
183. Principles: 1. A person is liable for negligence, if he fails to take care of his neighbour’s interest. 2. Aneighbour is anyone whose interests should have been foreseeable by a reasonable man while carrying on his activities.
Facts: A cricket match was going on in a closed door stadium. Acdcket fan who could not get into the stadium was watching the game by climbing up a nearby three and sitting there. The cricket ball in the course of the game went out of the stadium and hit his person and injured him. He filed a suit against the organizers.
Possible decisions (a) The organizers are liable to compensate the injured person. (b) the organizers are not liable to compensate the injured person. (c) The injured person should have avoided to place where he might be hit by the cricket ball.
Possible reason i) The organizers are responsible for the people inside the stadium. ii) The organizers could not have foreseen somebody watching the game by climbing up a tree. iii) Aperson crazy about something must pay the price for that iv) The organizers shal I be liable to everybody likely to watch the game.
- Your decision with the reason (a) )(a) (iv) (b) (a) (iii) (e) (b) (ii) (d) (e) (i)
184. Principles: 1.When a person unlawfully interferes in the chattel of another-person by which the latter is deprived of its use, the former commits the tort of conversion. 2. Nobody shall enrich himself at others expense.
Facts : A patients suffering form stomach ailment approached a teaching hospital. He was diagnosed as suffering from appendicitis and his appendix was removed. He became alright. The hospital however found some unique cells in the appendix and using the cell lines thereof, it developed drugs of enormous commercial value. When the erstwhile patient came to know about it, he claimed a share in the profit made by the hospital.
Possible Decisions a) The hospital need not share its profits with the patients. b) The hospital may share its profits on ex gratia basis c) The hospital shall share its profits with the patients
Possible Reason i) The patient, far from being deprived of the use of his appendix, actually benefited by its removal. ii) The hospital instead of throwing away the appendix conducted further research on it on its own and the development of drug was the result of its own effort. iii) The hospital could not have achieved its success without that appendix belonging to the patient. v) Everybody must care for and share with others.
- Your decision with the reason (a) (a) (i) (b) (a) (ii) (e) (e) (iii) (d) (e) (iv)
185. Principles 1. Copying including attempt to copy in examinations is a serious offence. 2. One shall not take any unauthorized materials into the examination hall.
Facts : Rohini, an examinee in PUC, was thoroughly checked while entering into the examnation hal I. She did not have anything other than authorized materials such aspen, instrument box, etc. with her. As she was writing-her paper, an invigilator found close to her feet a bunch of chits. The invigilaotors on scrutiny found that the chits contained answers to the paper being written by Rob ini. Rohin’s answer tallied with the answers in the chits. A charge of copying was leveled against Rohini.
Probable Decision a) Rohini shall be punished for copying. b) Rohini cannot be punished for copying.
Probable Reasons i) Something lying near the feet does not mean that the person is in possession of that thing ii) The fact that she was checked thoroughly while getting into the hall must be conclusive. iii) Similarities between her answers and the answers in the chit indicate that she used those chits. iv)After using those chits, she must have failed to dispose ofthem properly.
- Your decision with the reason (a) (a) (iii) (b) (a) (iv) (c) (b) (iii) (d) (b) (i)
Instruction: From the four answers given, shade the appropriate answer in the space provided for it on the OMR answer sheet
Marks: Each question carries 2 (two) marks.
186. All contracts are agreements. All agreements are accepted offers. Which ofthe following derivation is correct?
- (a) All accepted offers are contracts (b) All agreements arecontracts (c) All contracts areaccepted offers (d) None of the above
187. No minor can enter into a contract of work. Working in a shop can be dune only by a contract. Which ofthe following derivation is correct?
- (a) A minor cannot work is a shop (b) Ashop cannot contract with a minor. (c) There cannot be a contract to which minor is a party. (d) None of the above.
188. All motors vehicles are required to have third party insurance. Any vehicle notusing mechanical device is not a motor vehicle. Which of the following is correct derivation from the above?
- (a) All Third Party Insurances relate to motor vehicles.
- (b) Vehicles not using mechanical device need not have Third Party Insurance
- (c) All vehicles must have Third Party Insurance
- (d) None of the above ,
189. A contract contravening public policy is void. There cannot be a general definition of public policy. Which of the following is comet derivation from the above?
- (a) There cannot be a general defutition of contract
- (b) Since public policy is uncertain, contract is also uncertain.
- (c) The impact of public policy on contract is to be judged in individual cases.
- (d) None of the above
190. International law is the law between sovereign states. A sovereign is the supreme authority not bound by legal constraints. Which of the following is correct derivation from the above?
- (a) International law is not law binding no the sovereign states.
- (b) International law is only a positive morality
- (c) International law is in the nature of pact between sovereign states.
- (d) None of the above.
CLAT 2008 Question Paper Answers