The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) is the national professional accounting body of India. It was established on 1 July 1949 as a body corporate under the Chartered Accountants Act, 1949 enacted by the Parliament (acting as the provisional Parliament of India) to regulate the profession of Chartered Accountancy in India. ICAI is the second largest professional Accounting & Finance body in the world in terms of membership, after American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. ICAI is the only licensing cum regulating body of the financial audit and accountancy profession in India. It recommends the accounting standards to be followed by companies in India to The National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA) and sets the accounting standards to be followed by other types of organisations. ICAI is solely responsible for setting the auditing and assurance standards to be followed in the audit of financial statements in India. It also issues other technical standards like Standards on Internal Audit (SIA), Corporate Affairs Standards (CAS) etc. to be followed by practicing Chartered Accountants. It works closely with the Government of India, Reserve Bank of India and the Securities and Exchange Board of India in formulating and enforcing such standards.
- Common Proficiency Test (CPT)
- Intermediate (Integrated Professional Competence) Examination
- Final Examination
Examinations, other than CPT are generally conducted twice a year, in May and November. CPT is conducted twice a year, in June and December.
The Chartered Accountancy course is designed to combine theoretical study with practical training. The Chartered Accountancy course is considered to be one of the rigorous professional courses in India with only 10–15% of the students passing in every attempt .
The CPT or Common Proficiency Test is the first level of the Chartered Accountancy examinations. It is an objective type examination and consists of 200 multiple choice questions. CPT covers four basic subjects viz. A person can register for CPT after completing Grade 10 and take the exam after completing High School (Grade 12).